Relation to Oral Health

The dental aspects of are fundamental when determining cases involving abuse and neglect. Dentists and physicians also use oral and dental information in identifying sexual harassment experienced by children. These allow them to know if they have been sexually abused which can lead to transmission of Sexually Transmitted Diseases to the children.

Dental information is also essential when looking into bite marks children may have received from their abusers. In the U.S., physicians are required to report cases of child abuse to the authorities even though they receive minimal training and can find it hard to detect the dental aspects in an abuse case.

Below are the abuses that involve dental and oral health:

Physical abuse

In most child abuse cases, neck, face, and head injuries are the most common. Many authorities usually say that the oral and dental areas are significant to abusers since they play an essential part in nutrition and communication. Children are injured with blunt objects such as stones, utensils, and even hands.

The result of the injuries may include fractured teeth, bruised tongue, broken jaws, and even burns. The gag applied to the mouth of children leads them to suffer from bruises and scars at the back of the mouth.

Sexual abuse

In most cases, abusers who sexually harass children target the oral cavity. Cases of gonorrhea and syphilis are high, especially among abused children. Pharyngeal gonorrhea, the most common among the children, is mainly asymptomatic.

Physicians are always advised to carry out a test to determine the semen in the mouth of the children, especially if they have been forced into oral sex.

Among children, cases of syphilis are sporadic. However, oral lesions in children should be detected after a test to determine the possibility of infection using the dental supplies located in the laboratories.

Bite marks

Bite marks are considered as evidence of abuse, especially among children. Deontologists are trained in the field of forensics to identify and evaluate the bite marks with the dental formula of the abuser.

By studying teeth, deontologists know that human teeth do not tear out flesh but only compress it, causing abrasions and some contusions on a person. If the distance between the bites is more than three centimeters, then a bite on a child is most likely to be from an adult. Deontologists help in making the cases easier through the process.

Dental neglect

Some parents have been accused of failing to take care of their children’s dental welfare, such as cases of tooth decay and dental caries. Children who have oral problems face plenty of stigmas from school which can affect their academic performances.

They also have a problem in communicating and even eating as a result of pain from tooth decay if left untreated. Factors that may hinder the proper dental welfare ranges from lack of finances from parents to parental ignorance.


Proper dental supplies are essential when ensuring children have good oral hygiene. Having toothpaste and different toothbrushes is vital in ensuring that the children have the best oral hygiene.